Skip to main content

How life begins

Identifier: Film Collection no. 193

Scope and Contents

The AMNH purchased this film from Katherine F. Carter of the Exhibitors Booking Agency in 1917. George E. Stone, who had been an official U.S. Government photographer in France during World War I, collaborated with J. A. Long, assistant professor of embryology at the University of California, to make this early sex education film in an attempt to help combat venereal disease. Through captions, diagrams, and motion pictures, the film explains the processes involved in the development of various cells into mature life forms. Examples of cell development in microscopic yeast, plants, sea urchins, butterflies, and chickens are followed by an examination of mammalian embryo development. Detailed observations of rat development lead to explanations of human development. Despite its age, this film is still informative and this copy is one of the few still in existence.


  • [1916?]

Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

Not available through interlibrary loan. Contact AMNH Library Special Collections for terms of access.


1 Film Reel (36 minutes) : silent, color ; 16 mm.

1 Videocassette (U-Matic (36 minutes)) : silent, color ; 3/4 in.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

3/4 in., U-Matic, viewing copy

Other Finding Aids

Finding aid: script.


Original format: 16 mm. print.



George E. Stone, producer and photographer; J.A. Long, collaborator; Katherine F. Carter, distributor.

How life begins, [1916?[
Iris Lee
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Museum Archives at the Gottesman Research Library Repository

American Museum of Natural History
200 Central Park West
New York NY 10024 USA
(212) 769-5420