Crocker Land Expedition field photographs
Folder 1 consists of 4 photographs that were taken prior to departure for the Arctic and include images of the S.S. “Diana” in the Brooklyn Navy Yard and group portraits of the expedition team.
Folder 2 is divided into two sets. The first set, 2a, is comprised of 22 photographs of the landscape and topography. Locations within Greenland that are captured in these images include Etah, Saunders Island, Brother John’s Glacier, Humboldt Glacier, North Star Bay, Wolstenholme Sound, Lake Alida, and Foulke Fjord. The second set, 2b, contains 6 images of the team in the field and around the headquarters camp in Etah, Greenland. Other locations include Cape Alexander, Nerke, and Foulke Fjord.
Folder 3 consists of 26 photographs of the expedition team members and Eskimos in the field and around headquarters in Etah. Other locations include Foulke Fjord, Nerke, Cape Alexander, Brother John’s Glacier, Saunders Island, and an Eskimo summer camp at North Star Bay. This series also includes images of the team collecting specimens such as walrus heads and the hide of a caribou.
Folder 4 contains 15 photographs of ethnographic portraits (focusing primarily on women and children), an Eskimo summer camp and a Danish mission at North Star Bay.
- circa 1913-1917
- Crocker Land Expedition (1913-1917) (Organization)
Physical Description Note
Access Conditions and Restrictions
0.25 Linear Feet (1 box)
In 1908, Mr. MacMillan joined the Peary North Pole Expedition as an assistant to Admiral Peary. Over the next 46 years, Mr. MacMillan made over 30 expeditions to the Arctic and chartered over 300,000 miles of new territory, performed scientific research and studied the native people of Greenland and Northern Canada. He was influential in introducing the use of radios, airplanes, and electricity to Arctic exploration. Mr. MacMillan’s contributions to the study of the Arctic also include films, thousands of photographs, and a dictionary of the Inuktikut language. In his later years, he served in the United States Navy during both World War I and World War II and continued to be influential in Arctic exploration until his death in 1970.
When the expedition team departed from the Brooklyn Navy Yard aboard the SS “Diana” on July 2, 1913 their mission was to discover the location of Crocker Land, as well as, perform scientific research in geology, botany, ornithology, meteorology, and ethnology in the Arctic. In the spring of 1914, Mr. MacMillan and Mr. Green travelled over 400 miles across ice and land from their headquarters in Etah, Greenland to finally locate Crocker Land; however, they discovered that the purported landmass was only a mirage. The AMNH received letters from the expedition team requesting a relief ship be sent to retrieve them in the summer of 1915. The schooner “George B. Cluett” was sent with Dr. Hovey in charge of the mission in July 1915. However, extremely bad ice conditions made sea travel difficult and delayed the return of Dr. Hovey, Mr. MacMillan, Dr. Hunt, and Mr. Small with the expedition collections and equipment for two years. Dr. Tanquary, Mr. Allen, and Mr. Ekblaw were able to sledge to Southern Greenland in the winter of 1916 and return to New York, by way of Copenhagen.
Separated Material Note
Physical Description Note
- Crocker Land Expedition field photographs, circa 1913-1917
- Traci Faughnan
- November 2011
- Description rules
- Language of description
- Finding aid created with support from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) Hidden Collections grant, 2010.