Muir, John, 1838-1914

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Exist Dates

April 21, 1838 - December 24, 1914

Biographical or Historical Note

John Muir, the founder of the Sierra Club and instrumental int the establishment of Yosemite National Park, was a self-taught and tireless naturalist, conservationist, horticulturalist and traveller. Born in Dunbar, Scotland, he came to Wisconsin at the age of 11 with his father and two older sisters. In 1863 Muir became a wandering student and naturalist, taking jobs where he could and traveling into Canada, the southern United States, and eventually to the Yosemite Valley of California, where he found his vocation, the conservation and protection of the forests. At his urging, the U.S. Forestry Commission was formed, and in 1891 Congress empowered the President to create forest reserves. Muir devoted the rest of his life to travel and study, journeying to Australia, Africa, South America and Alaska.


    Library of Congress Name Authority File
    From biographical note for Muir's archive collection at the AMNH Library, Mss .M85 1913, written by Ann Herendeen.

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American Museum of Natural History

Related Resources

The story of my boyhood and youth : typescript, [1913?]
Repository: AMNH Special Collections, Mss .M85 1913

Written by: Iris Lee
Last modified: 2018 October 1


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