1911 - 1912
Biographical or Historical Note
- Andrews requested permission to
to go to Korea in order to ascertain whether the California Gray Whale was extinct,
as was generally thought, and to collect specimens of marine mammals. He was authorized to conduct
the expedition by Professor Osborn who was the director of the museum at the time and the museum
financed that part of the trip.
In order to conduct the necessary observations, Andrews used his existing relationship with the
Japanese Whaling Company that he established during his previous trip to the Orient. The company
allowed Andrews to study whales at
their whaling station on the Korean coast.
Andrews planned to follow the study of the whales on the coast with an expedition into the interior
of the Korean peninsula. The interior was generally unexplored and Andrews wanted to map it and to collect
mammal and bird specimens. Andrews had to raise the money for the second half of the trip.
At the end of the expedition, Andrews briefly visited China to do some sightseeing. After that he travelled
to Europe through Russia, stopping in Moscow. On the way to New York, Andrews also visited Finland,
Sweden, Norway, and Denmark.
While on a collecting trip to Japan in 1910, Andrews learned of an existence of a whale, called
by the Japanese "Devil-fish". The description of the mammal, that was hunted by the Japanese on the
coast of Korea, reminded Andrews of the California Gray Whale, which was thought to be extinct. Andrews
resolved to come back to the Far East and to confirm his guess.
At the end of 1911, Andrews left New York for Korea in order to study
whales and other marine mammals.
The Museum allocated $4000 towards the expedition, $2000 were contributed by the
Smithsonian Institution in Washington (14, pp. 41-42), and Andrews raised a further $4000 from private
philanthropists. Andrews spent the months of January and February
of 1912 at Ulsan, a Japanese whaling station on the coast of Korea. While stationed there, Andrews proved
that the "Devil-fish" was indeed the Gray Whale (10)(13).
Andrews collected two Gray Whale skeletons, one of which he sent to the Museum
and the second one to the Smithsonian. (14, p. 42)
After the end of his stay in Ulsan, Andrews visited Seul and organized an expedition to explore the Northern
regions of Korean Peninsula. With 4 Korean helpers and a Japanese-Korean interpreter he treked through
dense forests to the foot of the Long White Mountain (Paektu-san) (13). From there the expedition walked
to the Yalu river. From that point, Andrews dismissed his men and floated down the river on a raft.
In that manner he reached Antung at the mouth of the river. During the expedition Andrews collected specimens
of animals and birds, took still images and recorded a film. (4)(13)
After finishing up the Korean trip, Andrews decided to use the oportunity to visit China.
He briefly visited Beijing and the Great Wall. (13, p. 115)
From Beijing Andrews sailed to Shanghai and Hong Kong. When in Hong Kong, a friend who was
travelling to Europe through Russia, convinced Andrews to join him. Andrews took the trans-Siberian
railroad to Moscow where he spend two months at a house of an aristocratic Russian friend, hunting
and participating in the social life.
From there Andrews travelled for two months through Finland, Sweden, Norway,
and Denmark before boarding a ship for New York.
(1) Allen, J. A. (Joel Asaph), Roy Chapman Andrews, "Mammals collected in Korea",
Bulletin of the AMNH volume 32, article 24 (1913):427-436
(2) American Museum Journal volume XI, no. 8 (December 1911):309
(3) American Museum Journal volume XII, no. 7 (November 1912):259-267
(4) American Museum of Natural History. Annual Reports, no. 44, 1912. New York:
American Museum of Natural History (February 1913):18-19, 49
(5) American Museum of Natural History. Annual Reports, no. 45, 1913. New York:
American Museum of Natural History (February 1914):56
(6) Andrews, Roy Chapman, Journals, v. 4 (1912)
(7) Andrews, Roy Chapman, "A Whaling Expedition in Korea",
Scientific American Supplement volume LXXIV, number 1928
(8) Andrews, Roy Chapman, "A Japanese Whale Hunt",
Outing Magazine. Volume LXII (April-September, 1913):70-79.
(9) Andrews, Roy Chapman, "Monographs of the Pacific Cetacea",
Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History. New Series, Volume I, Part V.
(10) Andrews, Roy Chapman, "Monographs of the Pacific Cetacea",
Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History. New Series, Volume I, Part VI.
(11) Andrews, Roy Chapman, Whale Hunting with Gun and Camera:
A Naturalist's Account of the Modern Shore-whaling Industry,
of Whales and Their Habits, and of Hunting Experiences in
Various Parts of the World. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1928
(12) Andrews, Roy Chapman, Exploring with Andrews: A Narrative of a
Life of Exploration; Selections for Younger Readers From the
Writings of Roy Chapman Andrews Leader of the Central Asiatic
Expedition and Director of the American Museum of Natural History.
New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1938
(13) Andrews, Roy Chapman, Under a Lucky Star: A Lifetime of Adventure.
New York: The Viking Press, 1943
(14) Archer, Jules, Science Explorer: Roy Chapman Andrews. New York:
Julian Messner, 1968
(15) Schladitz, Lars, "Whaling, Science, and Trans-Maritime Networks, 1910–1914",
Transcultural Studies, [S.I.], n.1 (July, 2014):164-189, Date accessed: 02 mar. 2018.
- 1912 - 1912: Andrews Whaling Expedition to Japan and Korea
of the American Museum of Natural History (1911-1912)
- 1912 January - 1912 March: Studying and collecting marine mammal specimens at Ulsan
- 1912 March - 1912 June: Travelling through in the interior of the Korean Peninsula
Andrews landed in Yokohama, Japan (13)
Andrews boarded a ship in Hakata, Japan
Location of a Japanese whaling station in Korea, where Andrews researched whales for 2 months (10)(13)
- Changbai Shan
Long White Mountain, Paektu-san
Yalu river, Andrews rafted down the river to the coast
- Tumen River
Antung, a city at the mouth of the Yalu river.
Chon Chin, Seshin - starting place of Andrews' expedition into the interior of Korea
One of the cities visited by Andrews during the expedition
- Wanli Changcheng
Great Wall of China
- Hong Kong