Anthony, H. E. (Harold Elmer), 1890-1970

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Exist Dates

April 5, 1890 - March 29, 1970

Biographical or Historical Note

abstract
Harold Elmer Anthony (born April 5, 1890, died March 29, 1970) was a mammalogist and worked at the American Museum of Natural History for over 50 years. He specialized in mammals of the Western Hemisphere and led many expeditions to South and Central America. Anthony was the Chairman and Curator in the Department of Mammalogy and was the Dean of Scientific Staff for several years. The Museum's mammal halls were created under his leadership: Hall of North American Mammals, Akeley Hall of African Mammals and Hall of South Asiatic Mammals. He wrote "Field Book of North American Mammals" (1928) and "Mammals of Porto Rico, Living and Extinct" (1925, 1926, in two volumes).

H. E. Anthony was born in Beaverton, Oregon, April 5, 1890.

Prior to working at the AMNH, Anthony was a field collector for the U.S. Department of Argriculture, Biological Society in North Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming. He began working for the Museum as a naturalist on the Albatross Expedition to Lower California, spring 1911. By September 1911, he was employed as Museum staff until his retirement in 1958. During this time, H.E. Anthony held several positions including Chairman, Curator of Mammals and Dean of Scientific Staff. In 1958, Anthony became curator of the Frick Laboratory, a research lab located in the Museum and maintained by the Childs Frick Foundation for the study of fossil life. He left this position in 1966. The lab was merged with the Department of Vertebrate Paleontology in 1968.

Outside the Museum, Anthony worked with wildlife and conservation organizations, including the Committee on Conservation of Land Mammals (Chairman 1931-1935), Committee on Wild Life (1932), National Association of Audubon Societies (Chairman and Director 1935)among many others. He was also interested in horticulture and served as president of the Greater New York Orchid Society, from which he received a gold medal.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

H.E. Anthony specialized in the mammals of the West Indies and South American. He was active in conservation issues, especially in the preservation of wild mammals in North America.

PUBLICATIONS (SELECTION)

• The Indigenous Land Mammals of Porto Rico, Living and Extinct, 1918

• Mammals of Porto Rico, Living and Extinct, 1925-1926

• Field Book of North American Mammals, 1928

• Horns and Antlers: Their Evolution, Occurrence and Function in the Mammalia, 1928-1929

• “The Facts About Shiva”, Natural History Magazine, December 1937

• “Christmas in Burma”, Natural History Magazine, December 1939

This is a condensed summary from a selection of sources.

Sources

    American Museum of Natural History. Anthony, Harold Elmer [Staff C.V.], undated.
    American Museum of Natural History Press Release. "Noted Mammalogist Dies in California." March 30, 1970.
    Library of Congress Name Authority File

Chronology

  • 1890: Born in Beaverton, Oregon
  • 1911: Began work at the American Museum of Natural History
  • 1911 January - April: CaliforniaExternal link (Expedition Site) Albatross Expedition to lower California
  • 1911 September: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Assistant in Department of Mammalogy
  • 1912 August - September: OregonExternal link (Expedition Site) Collecting trip to eastern Oregon for Department of Mammals and Birds
  • 1914 January - March: Gatún, LagoExternal link (Expedition Site) Shiras Expedition to Panama
  • 1915: EDUCATION - Columbia University, B.S.
  • 1915 February - May: PanamaExternal link (Expedition Site) Eastern Panama to collect mammals and birds
  • 1915 February: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Assistant in Department of Mammalogy and Ornithology; Placed on Scientific Staff
  • 1915 July - October: FIELD WORK - Idaho and Oregon to collect mammals
  • 1916 May - August: Puerto RicoExternal link (Expedition Site) Puerto Rico field work
  • 1916 September - October: OntarioExternal link (Collection Site) Collected skin and skeleton of a moose from Ontario, Canada. (AR 1916, p. 75)
  • 1917 January - March: CubaExternal link (Expedition Site) Cuba and Santo Domingo Expedition
  • 1919 February 3: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Appointed Associate Curator of Mammals of Western Hemisphere
  • 1919 November - 1920 March: JamaicaExternal link (Expedition Site) To study the zoology of the island
  • 1920: EDUCATION - Pacific University, M.A.
  • 1920 June - 1923 December: EcuadorExternal link (Expedition Site) Took place from June 1920-March 1921, July 1923-December 1923
  • 1924 January 10: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Placed in charge of Department of Mammals
  • 1926 January: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Curator of Mammals
  • 1926 February - July: FIELD WORK - Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands Expedition
  • 1926 November - 1927 June: SudanExternal link (Expedition Site) Member of the Taylor Sudan Expedition
  • 1927 - 1928: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Secretary of Division II
  • 1927 November: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Placed in charge of African and Asiatic Mammal Halls
  • 1928 May - October: SiberiaExternal link (Expedition Site) Stoll-McCracken Siberian Arctic Expedition
  • 1929 November - 1930 April: South AmericaExternal link (Expedition Site) Ottley-Anthony South American Expedition
  • 1932 January - March: VenezuelaExternal link (Expedition Site) Anthony-Ottley Venezuela Expedition
  • 1934: EDUCATION - Honorary degree from Pacific University, D.Sc.
  • 1934 August 16 - September 21: Jackson HoleExternal link (Expedition Site) Jackson Hole, Wyoming
  • 1936 August 10 - October 19: Kenai PeninsulaExternal link (Expedition Site) Stillman-Durrell Expedition to Alaska
  • 1937 September 3 - 29: Grand CanyonExternal link (Expedition Site) Patterson Grand Canyon Expedition
  • 1938 October - 1939 May: MyanmarExternal link (Expedition Site) Vernay-Cutting Burma Expedition
  • 1939 May 1: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Advisory Associate, Department of Forestry and Conservation
  • 1942 - 1944: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Dean of Scientific Staff
  • 1942 July 1: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Chairman of Department of Mammals
  • 1944 March: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Curator of Recent Mammals
  • 1946 May 8 - November 12: MalawiExternal link (Expedition Site) Vernay Nyasaland Expedition
  • 1948 August 8 - September 26: AlaskaExternal link (Expedition Site) Friedman-Anthony Alaska Expedition
  • 1952 - 1957: STAFF APPOINTMENT - Deputy Director
  • 1958: Retired from the American Museum of Natural History
  • 1958 - 1966 March: Curator of the Frick Laboratory

Terms

localDescription
affiliated person
place
CaliforniaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1911 January-April

Albatross Expedition to lower California
place
OregonExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1912 August-September

Collecting trip to eastern Oregon for Department of Mammals and Birds
place
Gatún, LagoExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1914 January-March

Shiras Expedition to Panama
place
PanamaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1915 February-May

Eastern Panama to collect mammals and birds
place
Puerto RicoExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1916 May-August

Puerto Rico field work
place
OntarioExternal link
(Collection Site)

dates: 1916 September-October

Collected skin and skeleton of a moose from Ontario, Canada. (AR 1916, p. 75)
place
CubaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1917 January-March

Cuba and Santo Domingo Expedition
place
JamaicaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1919 November-1920 March

To study the zoology of the island
place
EcuadorExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1920 June-1923 December

Took place from June 1920-March 1921, July 1923-December 1923
place
SudanExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1926 November-1927 June

Member of the Taylor Sudan Expedition
place
SiberiaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1928 May-October

Stoll-McCracken Siberian Arctic Expedition
place
South AmericaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1929 November-1930 April

Ottley-Anthony South American Expedition
place
VenezuelaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1932 January-March

Anthony-Ottley Venezuela Expedition
place
Jackson HoleExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1934 August 16-September 21

Jackson Hole, Wyoming
place
Kenai PeninsulaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1936 August 10-October 19

Stillman-Durrell Expedition to Alaska
place
Grand CanyonExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1937 September 3-29

Patterson Grand Canyon Expedition
place
MyanmarExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1938 October-1939 May

Vernay-Cutting Burma Expedition
place
MalawiExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1946 May 8-November 12

Vernay Nyasaland Expedition
place
AlaskaExternal link
(Expedition Site)

dates: 1948 August 8-September 26

Friedman-Anthony Alaska Expedition

Related Corporate, Personal, and Family Names

American Museum of Natural History. Akeley Hall of African Mammals.
American Museum of Natural History. Allen Hall of North American Mammals.
American Museum of Natural History. Bernard Family Hall of North American Mammals.
American Museum of Natural History. Department of Mammalogy
associated dates: 1911-1958

Held several positions: Associate Curator, Curator and Chairman.
American Museum of Natural History. Hall of Asian Mammals.
American Museum of Natural History. Hall of North American Forests.
American Museum of Natural History. Irma and Paul Milstein Family Hall of Ocean Life.
Appointed member of Committee on Decoration and Development of Fish and Oceanic Halls.
Anthony Jamaica Expedition (1919-1920)
associated dates: 1919 November-1920 March

Expedition leader. To study the zoology of the island.
Anthony Oregon Expedition (1912)
associated dates: 1912 August-September

Expedition leader. Collecting trip to eastern Oregon for Department of Mammals and Birds.
Anthony Wyoming Expedition
associated dates: 1934 August 16-September 21

Expedition leader. Trip to Jackson Hole, Wyoming to obtain Shiras moose.
Anthony-Ottley Venezuelan Expedition (1932)
associated dates: 1932 January-March

Expedition leader.
Anthony-Tate Expeditions to Ecuador (1920-1924)
associated dates: 1920 June-1923 December

Expedition Leader. To study the zoology of the island.
Bureau of Fisheries Expedition to Lower California aboard the "Albatross"
associated dates: 1911 January-April
Crampton Antilles Expeditions
associated dates: 1916 May-August

Expedition leader. Field work in Puerto Rico.
Expeditions to Eastern Panama (1914-1915)
associated dates: 1915 February-May

Expedition leader. Three months in eastern Panama collecting birds and mammals.
Friedman-Anthony Alaska Expedition
associated dates: 1948 August 8-September 26

To make an indepedent survey of the wolf-Dall sheep problem in Mt. McKinley National Park; visit Glacier Bay National Park and other National Park Service administered areas.
Mammal Department Expedition to Cuba
associated dates: 1917 January-March

Expedition to Cuba and Santo Domingo to investigate animals.
Ottley-Anthony South American Expedition
associated dates: 1929 November-1930 April

Expedition leader. For zoological reconnaissance and to collect specimens and material for the Aconcagua Group.
Patterson Grand Canyon Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History
associated dates: 1937 September 3-29

Expedition leader. Explored the tops of Shivas Temple and Wotans Throne in the Grand Canyon of Arizona.
Puerto Rican Expedition
associated dates: 1926 November-1927 June

Explored Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and other islands under auspices of New York Academy of Sciences.
Shiras Expedition to Panama (1914)
associated dates: 1914 January-March

Expedition leader. Accompanied George Shiras on an expedition to Panama for mammals of the Gatun Lake region.
Stillman-Durrell Kenai Peninsula Expedition
associated dates: 1936 August 10-October 19

Expedition leader.
Stoll-McCracken Siberian Arctic Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History (1928)
associated dates: 1928 May-October

Expedition leader. In charge of the scientific work; visited Alaska and Siberian Coasts; collected for Bear Group, Pacific Walrus Group and Arctic Bird Group.
Taylor Sudan Expedition (1926-1927)
associated dates: 1926 November-1927 June

Expedition Leader.
Vernay Nyasaland Expedition
associated dates: 1946 May 8-November 12
Vernay-Cutting Burma Expedition of the American Museum of Natural History (1938-1939)
associated dates: 1938 October-1939 May

Expedition member. Biological survey of northeastern Burma.
American Museum of Natural History
associated dates: 1911-1958

Related Resources

creatorOf
The Vernay-Cutting Expedition to Burma
H. E. Anthony, expedition member, contributed in the making of this film. C. Suydam Cutting and Arthur Vernay were the photographers. Creator: American Museum of Natural History. Extent: videocassette, 25 minutes. Repository: AMNH Library Special Collections, Call number Film Collection no. 167.
subjectOf
African safari (part of the CBS/AMNH Adventure television series)
Creator: American Museum of Natural History. Extent: videocassette, 30 minutes Repository: AMNH Library Special Collections, Call number Film Collection no. 100.
subjectOf
Big cats (part of the CBS/AMNH Adventure television series)
Creator: American Museum of Natural History. Extent: videocassette, 30 minutes. Repository: AMNH Library Special Collections, Call number Film Collection no. 133.
subjectOf
Gorillas and Apes (part of the CBS/AMNH Adventure television series)
Creator: American Museum of Natural History. Extent: videocassette, 30 minutes. Repository: AMNH Library Special Collections, Call number Film Collection no. 122.
subjectOf
Rams of the Rimrock (part of the CBS/AMNH Adventure television series)
Rams of the Rimrock is one of three shows in this collection. Creator: American Museum of Natural History. Extent: videocassette, 60 minutes. Repository: AMNH Library Special Collections, Call number Film Collection no. 27.
subjectOf
Seals and Porpoises (part of the CBS/AMNH Adventure television series)
Rams of the Rimrock is one of three shows in this collection. Creator: American Museum of Natural History. Extent: videocassette, 60 minutes. Repository: AMNH Library Special Collections, Call number Film Collection no. 120.
subjectOf
AMNH Library bio for H. E. Anthony
Contains documents, articles and relevant material about H. E. Anthony available in Special Collections.

Written by: Iris Lee
Last modified: 2019 August 16


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