American Museum of Natural History. Hall of Birds of the World (1929-)

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Exist Dates

1929 - present

Biographical or Historical Note

abstract
Permanent exhibition. Opened April 11, 1929. Located on Floor 2, Section 2. The Hall of Birds of the World (1929-) at the American Museum of Natural History (1, 1934, p. 59) is the second hall to use this name. The original Hall of Birds of the World was a systematic hall. The two halls were both open between 1930-1945. The original hall closed by 1947 and the second, consisting of twelve habitat dioramas, remains open of 2017 (1, 1934, p. 59). Curator Frank M. Chapman (2,1926, p. 66) and artists Albert E. Butler, Raymond deLucia, Arthur Jansson, Francis Lee Jaques, Matthew Kalmenoff, Frank J. Mackenzie, George Petersen, Raymond Potter, Stephen C. Quinn, Fred Scherer, and David Schwendeman (3, 2006, p. 169) contributed to the hall. The Byrd Antarctic Expedition provided the King Penguin Group (2, 1931, p. 45).

Annual Reports from 1926-1928, indicate that the new bird hall with habitat dioramas may have been considered a part of and compliment to the synoptic Hall of Birds of the World, referring to the new hall as "twelve large built-in cases for habitat groups in the Hall of Birds of the World" (2, 1926, p. 145), but were later considered two different halls. On April 11, 1929, the first two habitat groups in the new hall, the South Georgia Island and Panama Groups, opened to the public (2, 1929, p. 20). The last habitat group in the hall, the Japan Group, was completed in 1959 (2, 1959/60, p. 23-24).

The 12 dioramas in the hall are:

Alps

American Tropical Forest

Australia

Congo Forest

East African Plains

Europe (England)

Gobi Desert

High Andes

Japan

Pampas

South Georgia

Tundra (3, 2006, p. 169)

Sources

    (1) American Museum of Natural History. General Guide to the Exhibition Halls of the American Museum of Natural History. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1934.
    (2) American Museum of Natural History. Annual Reports. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1926-1959/60.
    (3) Quinn, Stephen C. Windows on Nature: The Great Habitat Dioramas of the American Museum of Natural History. New York: Abrams; New York: American Museum of Natural History, 2006.
    Information for the hall appears in the following Museum publications:
    American Museum of Natural History Annual Reports for years 1925 (page 122); 1926 (page 145); 1927 (page 16, 17, 139); 1928 (page 26, 92); 1929 (page 20); 1930 (page 40); 1931 (page 45, 60); 1932 (page 57, 77); 1933 (page 6); 1934 (page 11); 1935 (page 12); 1936 (page 53); 1939 (page 9); 1940 (page 18); 1941 (page 4, 18, 34); 1958 (page 16); 1959 (page 23); 1960 (page 48); 1962 (page 44, 57); 1963 (page 71); 1969 (page 43); 1992 (page 75)
    American Museum of Natural History General Guides for years 1929 (page 71); 1930 (page 71); 1931 (page 66); 1932 (page 58, 66); 1933 (page 60, 68, 69); 1934 (Table of Contents, page 59, 69); 1935 (Table of Contents, page 59, 69); 1936 (Table of Contents, page 59, 69); 1939 (page 17, 92); 1943 (page 17, 89); 1945 (page 17, 88); 1947 (page 17, 88); 1949 (page 17, 88); 1953 (Floor plans, page 118); 1956 (page 129); 1958 (page 129); 1962 (page 12, 42); 1964 (page 12, 42)
    American Museum of Natural History: A Pictorial Guide 1967.
    American Museum of Natural History: An Introduction 1972 (page 7, 100)
    American Museum of Natural History Official Guides for years 1984 (page 31); 1993 (page 27, 50); 2001 (page 61)

Terms

place
New YorkExternal link
AMNH: Floor 2, Section 2.

Related Corporate, Personal, and Family Names

Andrews, Roy Chapman, 1884-1960
Collected material for Gobi Desert Group (2, 1934, p. 9).
Brewster, Frederick F.
Trustee, special committee for hall (2, 1926, xxii).
Butler, Albert E.
Artist, rockwork in Alpine Group diorama (2, 1936, p. 53).
Byrd Antartic Expedition
Collected specimens for King Penguin Group (2, 1931, p. 45).
Central Asiatic Expeditions (1921-1930)
Collected material for Gobi Desert Group (2, 1934, p. 9).
Chapman, Frank M. (Frank Michler) 1864-1945
Ornithology curator during construction of hall
DeLucia, Raymond H.
Diorama foreground artist (3, 2006, p. 169).
Erickson, Anna E.
Donor, presented Pampas Group (2, 1930, p. 40).
Fish, William Edgar
Diorama foreground artist (3, 2006, p. 169)..
Granger, Walter 1872-1941
Collected material for Gobi Desert Group (2, 1934, p. 9).
Hudson, W. H. (William Henry), 1841-1922External link
Pampas Group dedicated in his honor of, (2, 1930, p. 40).
Huntington, Archer M. (Archer Milton) 1870-1955
Donor, Australian Group, (2, 1940, p. 18).
Jansson, Arthur August 1890-1960
Diorama background artist (2, 2006, p. 169).
Jaques, Francis Lee 1887-1969
Diorama background and foreground artist (2, 2006, p. 169).
Jones, Dwight Arven, Mrs.
Donor, Congo Forest Group (2, 1933, p. 6).
Kalmenoff, Matthew
Diorama background artist (5, 2006, p. 168).
MacKenzie, Frank J.
Diorama background artist (2, 2006, p. 169).
Peterson, George E.
Diorama foreground artist (2, 2006, p. 169).
Pomeroy, Daniel E.
Trustee, special committee for hall (2, 1926, xxii).
Potter, Raymond
Diorama taxidermist (2, 2006, p. 169).
Quinn, Stephen C. 1951-
Restoration work on South Georgia diorama (2, 2006, p. 169).
Rockefeller, William
Donor, Tundra Group (2, 1937, p. 9).
Sage, Henry W.
Donor, Kidong Valley Group (2, 1931, p. 45).
Scherer, Fred F
Diorama foreground artist (2, 2006, p. 169).
Schwendeman, David
Diorama taxidermist (2, 2006, p. 169).
South of Winter: Scenes from the Aransas Wildlife Refuge (Exhibition)
associated dates: 1983 July 27-1983 November 30
Sterling, Robert D.
Donor, Japanese Group (2, 1958/59, p. 16).
Sterling, Robert D., Mrs.
Donor, Japanese Group (2, 1958/59, p. 16).
To Preserve Tibetan Culture: Monks Demonstrate a Modern Craft (Exhibition)
associated dates: 1991 October 4-1991 November 8
Trash Can Toys and Games (Exhibition)
associated dates: 1975 May 22-1975 September
Tucker, Carll, Mrs.
Donor, New Forest Group (2, 1933, p. 6).
Whitney, C. V. (Cornelius Vanderbilt), 1899-1992External link
Departmental Committee for hall (2, 1930, p. 192).

Related Resources

subjectOf
Historic Halls of the American Museum of Natural History
Curated digital images of permanent halls in the American Museum of Natural History Library, Digital Special Collections.

Written by: Clare O'Dowd
Last modified: 2019 February 13


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